Museum “Chekhov’s House”:

Museum “Chekhov’s House”

The outhouse in the back of the yard at Chekhov's street (former Kupecheskaya, Politseiskaya streets) was build in the middle of the 19th century of pisé-walled brick, was later on plastered and whitened. The house area is 30,5 m2. The house and grounds belonged to merchant A. Gnutov in 1860, to bourgeois F. Kovalenkova in 1880, to bourgeois V. Kovalenko from 1898-1915 .

A.P. Chekhov described his birth place in a letter to P.F. Iordanov: “I was born in Bolotov’s (as my mother says) or Gnutov’s house, nearby V.N. Tretyakov, in a small outhouse in the yard”.

Pavel Egorovich Chekhov, his wife Eugenia Yakovlevna and their two sons – 4-year old Alexander and 2-year old Nikolay rented the outhouse from A. Gnutov in 1859; Anton Chekhov was born there on January 17, 1860.

In March 1861, Pavel Egorovich, his wife and three sons moved to another apartment.

In 1910, due to the writer's 50th anniversary, the Chekhov’s club, organized in Taganrog by E. Parshin’s initiative, placed the memorial table on the house's wall.

In 1916, owing to the Chekhov’s club and Andreev-Turkin initiative, the town administration bought the house and grounds and the neighboring houses at Chekhov's street 69, from lady Kovalenkova, to preserve the inviolability of the A.P. Chekhov’s birth place.

In December 1920, the house was emptied from lodgers, in 1921, it was renovated, and in 1924, the first exposition, dedicated to A.P. Chekhov’s life and visits to the native town, was opened within the house walls. Since then, “Chekhov’s House” is the world famous monument of Russian culture.

In the yard near the house, the visitors can see A.P. Chekhov’s bust by sculptor Morozova. 

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Museum “Chekhov’s House”

Taganrog, Chekhov Str., 69

(8634) 39-42-76, 38-36-97, +7(863) 210-90-14 , +7(863 210-90-17

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